Tuesday, 27 September 2016

IS THE DECLINE IN ARCTIC SEA ICE SLOWING DOWN?

This article reveals the truth about the decline in Arctic sea ice. One interesting observation is that the decline seems to have slowed down in recent years, just as CO2 levels in the atmosphere have increased more rapidly. So where is the link you may ask?

Monday, 26 September 2016

ELECTRIC CAR SALES DROP AFTER UK GOVERNMENT CUTS SUBSIDIES

Biofuels International, 15 September 2016
 Sales of electric cars have fallen sharply after the UK government cut a grant scheme that encouraged drivers to switch from petrol.

According to Department for Transport statistics, between April and June 4,200 plug-in cars were sold – the lowest for two years.

The government announced last year that it would extend grants for electric cars for a further two years but halved the payments to £2,500. Around 17,500 cars were registered in the first three months of the year as motorists took advantage of the grants before they were cut.

The Department for Transport was criticised for its “lack of strategy” in encouraging green car sales in an environmental audit select committee report published earlier this month (September).

Sunday, 25 September 2016

OIL COMPANIES NEED NOT WORRY ABOUT ELECTRIC CARS

Oil Price, 16 September 2016

Irina Slav
 
It may be a little premature for the oil industry to panic over the influx of electric vehicles (EV). EVs would need to represent at least 50 percent of the global car market by 2035 if the Paris Agreement’s minimum target for reducing global warming rates by 1.5 degrees Celsius is to become a reality, according to a fresh report by the Climate Action Tracker. But Big Oil can sleep easy, nonetheless.

To put the EV target in perspective, let’s see some 
new EV registration figures for Q1 2015 by the top performers worldwide. The leader was Norway, with new EV registrations accounting for a third of the total. Second from the top globally was the Netherlands, where new EV buys were 5.7 percent of all new registrations, and the UK came third with EVs accounting for 1.2 percent of all new registration.
In the rest of the leading car markets, including the U.S., China, Germany, and Japan, new EV sales didn’t even make it to 1 percent of total new car sales. What’s more, these figures include not just purely electric vehicles, but also plug-in hybrids, which use fossil fuel.

According to an FT 
analysis from 2010, projections are for EVs to reach a market share of around 9 percent in Western Europe by 2020, almost 14 percent in the US, and less than 3 percent in China. These are projections for a ten-year period, it’s worth noting, made when the EV industry was in its childhood.

Since then, incentives for EV buyers have been ramped up, carmakers are striving to make their electric cars more affordable and their batteries more durable, and campaigners are campaigning for a “paradigm shift”, as CAT calls it, that would see more people realize the urgency of climate change action.

Hypothetically, this paradigm shift would mark the beginning of the end for the oil industry as we know it. Realistically, however, such paradigm shifts take time, and a lot of it, especially if we’re looking at the world as a whole, not just the developed part of it.

In February this year, Bloomberg New Energy Finance published a 
report forecasting that by 2040 electric vehicles will account for 35 percent of the global market, with long-range EVs selling for an average $22,000. This, according to the authors, would be made possible by the billions of dollars invested in better, more durable batteries, and more efficient EVs, which should see the annual growth rate in sales of such vehicles at 30 percent or more.

According to the Bloomberg analysts, if this happens, EVs will displace around 1 million barrels of crude in daily global consumption some time around 2026, and 2 million bpd in 2028. To compare, the current oil glut is somewhere between 1 and 2 million barrels a day. And the oil industry is still standing.

In its report, CAT, which is a group of four research organizations tracking the climate change fight efforts of 32 countries that account for 80 percent of harmful emissions, says that the last internal combustion engine-powered car must be sold in 2035, if the Paris Agreement targets are to be achieved. This basically gives carmakers less than 20 years to either switch to all-EV production or go under. It sounds unreal, and it is unreal.

Global new car sales so far this year in some of the biggest markets have reached 
33.268 million as of end-August. At average new car sales of around 3 million vehicles a month, the annual this year could reach some 45 million vehicles. At the moment, the share of EVs in this total is 1 percent globally.

Saturday, 24 September 2016

CHINA FUNDS AND BUILDS EUROPE'S NEW COAL PLANTS


Reuters, 20 September 2016

Maja Zuvela

The Balkan region’s first privately-funded power plant came online on Tuesday, increasing the region’s dependency on coal-fired power stations even as environmental concerns are driving them to the brink of the extinction elsewhere in Europe. 

The 300-megawatt plant, in the northern Bosnian town of Stanari, is a foreign investment in a chronically impoverished country that remains heavily dependent on foreign aid more than 20 years after it emerged from war.

Even though the Western Balkans has a power deficit, European investors are reluctant to finance more polluting coal which forms the backbone of supply in the region, attracting Chinese financiers and contractors.

Work on the investment, by Serbian-run but British-based Energy Financing Team (EFT), started in 2013. It was built by China’s Dongfang Electric Corp and financed with the help of a 350 million euro ($391.13 million) loan from the China Development Bank.

EFT, which focuses on power markets in central and southeast Europe, won a 30-year concession in 2008 to build the Stanari plant and expand an adjacent coal mine that will feed it at a total cost of 560 million euros ($625.63 million).

Lignite – the most polluting type of coal – is widely available in the Balkans, making it appealing to governments seeking ways of ensuring security of supply and keeping energy prices low while also placating influential mining lobbies.

The new plant, which will generate 2,000 gigawatt-hours of electricity per year, creating 1,000 jobs, will strengthen Bosnia’s position as a leading energy exporter to the region.

It generates more than 40 percent of its electricity from hydroelectric power, making it, along with Bulgaria and Romania, one of the few Balkan countries with a domestic power surplus.

Environmentalists fear that the region’s cash-strapped governments will be tempted to cut corners in this and other projects, exposing them to costly upgrade costs once they join the European Union.

Some 2,800 megawatts of extra coal-fired capacity is planned across the region in coming years at a total cost of 4.5 billion euros, most of it financed by China.

Friday, 23 September 2016

NEW PAPER SHOWS THAT CO2 DOES NOT CAUSE SIGNIFICANT GLOBAL WARMING

This report shows the evidence that CO2 is causing significant global warming is not valid. It is rather difficult to understand for those without a good knowledge of statistics, but the summary is clear.

Findings of the Research:
These analysis results would appear to leave very, very little doubt but that the USA Environmental Protection Agency's claim of a Tropical Hot Spot (THS), caused by rising atmospheric CO2 levels, simply does not exist in the real world. Also critically important, even on an all-other-things-equal basis, this analysis failed to find that the steadily rising Atmospheric CO2 Concentrations have had a statistically significant impact on any of the 13 critically important temperature time series data analysed.

Thursday, 22 September 2016

INDOCTRINATION IN OUR CLASSROOMS GOES ON

This conference seems to be giving a very one-sided view of this controversial issue. Propaganda  should not play a part in a balanced education system, but when the government is trying to convince us all that it is right then it is not likely to make any effort to put forward arguments against itself. In other words politics trumps science.

Wednesday, 21 September 2016

THE AMAZING ARCTIC ICE MELT PREDICTION FLIP-FLOPS

This article looks at the recent history of wild claims of the imminent demise of Arctic sea ice in summer. It is very amusing to see how each claim is proved wrong, only to be followed by another, without any acknowledgment that the previous one was wrong.

Tuesday, 20 September 2016

RETURN OF THE BLOB

The title of this post is reminiscent of a horror movie and it relates to this article in which a discussion of the area of warm water in the northern Pacific (the blob) and its role in the recent upsurge in world temperatures is to be found. By December of 2015 many considered the blob had dissipated; By then the El Niño was intense. But the latest measurements indicate that the blob has not gone away and is currently resting several hundred metres below the ocean’s surface. The new data indicates that the region’s upper waters are being mixed by the wind again and coming back to normal temperatures, but the residual effect of the blob is still there at about 150 to 200 metres below the surface.

Monday, 19 September 2016

ENERGY INTENSIVE INDUSTRIES - CLIMATE POLICY CASUALTIES

This report explains how the UK's climate change policies are having a much greater effect on the energy intensive industries (EII's) than the government is willing to admit. Data from the Annual Business Survey conducted by the Office of National Statistics (ONS), shows that while companies engaged in the manufacture of iron, steel and ferro-alloys had a Gross Operating Surplus (GOS) of approximately £1.3 billion in 2008, their energy costs of £0.57 billion were equal to 44% of that sum. In 2014 the sector had an operating surplus of £169million, and energy costs were 330% of GOS.

Mistaken concentration on present policy impacts, ignoring much larger effects in the near future. Even EII's entitled to compensation are presently paying energy prices as much as18% higher than they would be without energy and climate policies, and for an EII without compensation they are 26% higher. However, by 2020 the figures will be 22% higher for a compensated business, and 76% higher for an uncompensated business.

Sunday, 18 September 2016

BBC ON THICK ICE AGAIN

This article explains how lucky the recent expedition by David Hempleman-Adams, was by sailing right round the north of Europe and North America, guided by a legendary Russian yachtsman, Nikolai Litau. After several hairy weeks dodging huge lumps of ice in the Laptev Sea off Siberia they just made it. This September the Arctic has begun its annual refreeze earlier than at any time for 19 years.

Saturday, 17 September 2016

ARCTIC ICE ON THE INCREASE

This article explains what is currently happening with Arctic Ice. It would appear that there has been an early onset of cold weather which is causing the sea ice to refreeze. It will be interesting to sea how it pans out over the winter months. 

Friday, 16 September 2016

SARKOZY THE CLIMATE SCEPTIC?

Sarkozy comes out of the closet as a climate skeptic

The Local · 15 Sep 2016, 09:00
Published: 15 Sep 2016 09:00 GMT+02:00

    Nicolas Sarkozy, who is fighting to regain the presidency that he lost to François Hollande in 2012, has finally come out of the closet as a climate skeptic.
    Speaking in front of business leaders Sarkozy, a candidate for Les Republicains party primary in November, told them that man alone was not to blame for climate change.
    “Climate has been changing for four billion years,” the former president said according to AFP. “Sahara has become a desert, it isn’t because of industry. You need to be as arrogant as men are to believe we changed the climate.”
    Sarkozy has minimized the climate change in the past, but up until now he has never openly suggested that man was not to blame.
    It appears the ex-president has an all round grudge against climate change.
    The former president believes the world should be concentrating on the rise in the population and movement of people rather than worrying so much about global warming.
    “Never has the earth experienced such a demographic shock as it is about to, because in a few years there will be 11 billion of us. And man is directly responsible in this case but nobody talks about it,” Sarkozy said.
    Sarkozy was also angry at the amount of global media coverage given to the COP21 climate change conference in Paris last year, that was hailed a success not just for the future of the earth but for the Socialist government who helped force through an historic deal.
    Sarkozy believes the media should have been concentrating on the Paris terror attacks, that occurred just weeks before on November 13th.
    The former president must have been too busy to notice the enormous amount of media coverage both in France and around the globe that was dedicated to the terror attacks.

    Thursday, 15 September 2016

    "DEMAND MANAGEMENT" AND OTHER WEAZEL WORDS ON ENERGY SUPPLY

    Yesterday I listened to the evidence to the Economic Affairs Committee of the UK House of Lords given by both Lord Adair Turner and Lord Nigel Lawson. You can hear the debate here. It is difficult to judge what effect, if any, this session might have. Lord Turner is a very polished performer and superficially gave a very persuasive case. Lawson is, by comparison, a little hesitant in his delivery at times, though he gave a very combative case and put some powerful arguments.  At one point Turner mentioned "demand management" as a means of reducing peak demand in electricity supply. I would have liked a more detailed scrutiny of this. What he really means by this is that the consumer (in other words, us!) will lose control of when he can use his appliances - or face huge extra costs if he does so. Once we have "smart meters" in our homes the control will pass from us to the generating companies. The public have no idea what is coming down the tracks.

    Wednesday, 14 September 2016

    PUBLIC BEING KEPT IN THE DARK ABOUT BIRD DEATHS DUE TO WINDFARMS

    Hiding evidence of the massacre

    News of bird and bat deaths at wind farms have reduced to a trickle. Does that mean that a solution has been found? Yes, it has, but it’s not what you think. Wind turbines are every year more numerous and the massacre they cause is ever increasing. What has changed is that the cover up is now effective at 100%, or just about.

    Another excerpt:
    … a report just surfaced in Edinburgh, reassuring the Scots on the fate of their beloved eagles. Wind turbines may be installed near eagle nests, it claims, provided ornithologists are paid, during the life of the wind farm, to feed the eagles and monitor their behavior. It’s pure rubbish, but it keeps ornithologists and bird societies happy. Officially, they are the ones who “know” about birds, and their opinion is taken into consideration by the authorities; so it’s important for the wind lobby to keep them cheery. In reality, we know that wind turbines attract (and kill) eagles, as they do other raptors, swallows and bats: read Biodiversity Alert (link). In short, the new report is just another one of many biased, misleading studies financed by wind interests. If you read the press article till the end, it actually claims that Beinn an Tuirc wind farm helps Scottish eagles survive. Yes indeed, the bigger the lie, the more people will believe it.
    And another:
    More recently, another Australian wind farm discreetly announced (you have to search their newsletter thoroughly – page 2, paragraph 3) that it was killing many eagles: Bald Hills wind farm – 7 eagles killed in 4 months. Seven in four months is the official figure, so the reality could be even worse. It’s also a good indication that, as revealed by Save the Eagles International, raptors are attracted to wind turbines (and then killed). But don’t be surprised that, in spite of the evidence provided in STEI’s article, bird societies completely ignore this lethal attraction exerted by wind turbines: it would hurt the wind industry if they recognized it. Here you can, again, appreciate the hypocrisy surrounding the whole issue.
    Read more here: Covering up mortality at wind farms

    More on this subject here.

    Tuesday, 13 September 2016

    BEWARE THE TRILATERAL COMMISSION

    As if the Bilderberg group and the Sierra Club were not enough shadowy organisations working to further the aims of multi-nationalism, here is a report of another one, the Trilateral Commission. The connection to global warming aka climate change is, of course, that this alleged problem provides an ideal reason to increase the role of organisations such as the UN, at the expense of national governments.

    Monday, 12 September 2016

    "ECOLOGICAL REVOLUTION" NEEDED SAYS FORMER EIRE PRESIDENT

    This article looks at the BBC radio programme Something Understood in which Mary Robinson, the former President of Eire, states that "the industrial revolution must give way to an ecological revolution". As the linked article makes clear it is only through the industrial revolution, leading to plentiful, cheap power that the people of the developing world can hope to achieve what the developed world has achieved.  

    Sunday, 11 September 2016

    DANGER! COASTAL WATERS ARE MORE DEADLY DUE TO GW, SAYS SCIENTIST

    This article looks at spurious claims being made by a scientist that our coastal waters are becoming more dangerous due to global warming. It is a ridiculous claim which is completely debunked in the linked article. Some of these alarmists have no shame.

    Saturday, 10 September 2016

    RECORD WHEAT CROP CONFOUNDS CLIMATE ALARMISTS PREDICTIONS

    Climate Chicken Littles Choke On Record Wheat Crop The American Interest, 3 September 2016
     A generation after leading scientists and experts warned the world of an escalating series of horrendous famines, the crop gluts continue. The latest kick in the pants to the Malthusian doomsayers is a bumper global wheat harvest.
     

    The FT reports:

    Extensive planting and benign weather have forced analysts to repeatedly raise crop outlooks. The International Grains Council last week increased its global wheat production forecast to a record 743m tonnes, up 1 per cent from last year. […]

    The recent US winter wheat harvest was 45m tonnes, up 21 per cent from 2015, according to the US Department of Agriculture. Merchants who have run out of room in silos are piling wheat outdoors.

    Storage concerns are also growing in Russia, which is this year set to become the largest wheat exporter after hauling in more than 70m tonnes. In Canada, the government anticipates the second-largest wheat crop in 25 years, of 30.5m tonnes. Australia’s imminent wheat harvest is forecast at 26.5m tonnes, the most in five years.

    Defying not only the Club of Rome doomsayers, but also the climate Chicken Littles who have been warning about damage from rising temperatures to world agriculture, food production is booming even as meteorologists call July 2016 the hottest month ever.

    This isn’t to say that there aren’t problems and worries in the world, but the combination of human ingenuity and the complexity of natural systems means that science is never quite as settled as publicity seeking scare mongers want people to think.

    Full post

    see also Hottest Year? Record Breaking Grain & Corn Harvests In Russia And U.S.

    Friday, 9 September 2016

    WHAT'S HAPPENING TO OUR SUNS SPOTS?

    This article puts the current sunspot position in context with the previous sunspot cycles and looks at the predictions for the future, as well as the possible links with our weather on Earth.

    Thursday, 8 September 2016

    LECTURERS TELL STUDENTS "WE WON'T ALLOW DEBATE ON CLIMATE CHANGE"

    This article gives the details of a college course where the lecturers have decreed that there shall be no debate on the issue of climate change. So much for enquiring minds. These lecturers give out the final say and the students simply regurgitate what they are told.

    Wednesday, 7 September 2016

    CHINA PRODUCES THE SAME EMISSIONS IN 18 DAYS AS AUSTRALIA (OR THE UK) PRODUCES IN ONE YEAR

    This article reminds us just how futile our emission cuts are, even if you believe that CO2 emissions will cause serious problems. The Australian emissions are almost the same as the UK emissions, so all the points made in the article apply equally to the UK.

    Tuesday, 6 September 2016

    AN ICE FREE ARCTIC HAS HAPPENED BEFORE

    This piece by Matt Ridley puts the current loss of Arctic Ice into perspective. Whilst there has been some melting in recent years, this is not the first time this has happened,  and before it did not lead to any cause for alarm.

    Monday, 5 September 2016

    IF SEA LEVEL IS RISING, WHY IS THE AMOUNT OF LAND INCREASING?

    This report gives the details of this remarkable finding.  Yet another puzzle in the so-called "settled science" of our climate. It seems the more we find out, the less we know.

    Sunday, 4 September 2016

    WHAT EXACTLY HAS CHINA AGREED TO BY RATIFYING THE PARIS AGREEMENT?

    Here are the actual facts, which give a very different answer than the one being put out in the mainstream media. How can Western governments be so easily duped into sabotaging their own economies for nothing?

    Saturday, 3 September 2016

    COST TO THE USA OF COMPLYING WITH PARIS CLIMATE TREATY IS BETWEEN $1.28 AND $5.28 TRILLION BY 2050

    This piece looks at the cost to the USA of signing up to the Paris Climate Treaty. The cost seems so astronomical that I cannot believe any USA president would do it and yet it looks as though Obama is about to. With Hillary Clinton promising to continue with the same policy Donald Trump seems to be the only option 

    Friday, 2 September 2016

    MID 19th CENTURY WARMING LIKELY TO BE NATURAL


    Mid-19th Century Warming Likely To Be Natural,
    Not Human-Induced, Says Independent Climate Scientist


    London, 1 September: A recent paper published in Nature has received international media attention because of its claim that human-induced CO2 emissions caused global temperatures to start increasing around the 1830s, much earlier than generally accepted.

    This seems to me to be a very unlikely claim, as so little extra CO2 had been emitted that even a climate alarmist would find it difficult to make a case for it. Nick Lewis has shown that this is correct. 


    In a critical analysis of the paper by Abram et al. (2016) and published today at the influential Climate Audit blog, Nicholas Lewis, an independent climate researcher, demonstrates that the evidence that supports the claimed anthropogenic origin of the early warming onset is inappropriate and does not substantiate that claim.

    Lewis said: “The authors’ claim that the start of anthropogenic warming can be dated to the 1830s flies in the face of the best estimates of the evolution of radiative forcing; those given in the IPCC 5th Assessment Report (AR5) show that anthropogenic forcing was only 0.01 W/m2 in 1840, and was still under 0.1 W/m2 in 1870. It is not credible that a negligible 0.01 W/m2 increase in forcing would have had any measurable effect on ocean or land temperatures globally; it is doubtful that an increase of 0.1 W/m2 would do so. Most of the evidence given for the anthropogenic origin claim, which is entirely model-simulation based, ignores the industrial era increase in aerosol forcing, the dominant negative (cooling) anthropogenic forcing; the remaining evidence appears to be invalidated by a simulation discontinuity in 1850.”

    He added: “Recovery from the heavy volcanism earlier in the century and an upswing in Atlantic multidecadal variability, superimposed on a slow trend of recovery in surface temperature from the LIA as the ocean interior warmed after the end of the particularly cold four hundred year period from AD 1400–1800, appears adequate to account for warming from the late 1830s to the final quarter of the 19th century.”

    Lewis also pointed out that, ironically, should the study’s finding of anthropogenic warming starting as early as circa the 1830s be correct, it would imply that anthropogenic aerosol forcing is weaker than estimated in IPCC AR5, and therefore that observational estimates of climate sensitivity (both transient and equilibrium) based on AR5 forcing values need to be revised downwards.

    Nicholas Lewis: Was early onset industrial-era warming anthropogenic, as Abram et al. claim?

    Contact

    Nicholas Lewis
    nhlewis@btinternet.com

    Thursday, 1 September 2016

    COSMIC RAY INTENSITY INCREASING, SAYS NEW STUDY

    Cosmic Ray Intensity Increasing: New Study Suggests Sun More Important Than Thought On Earth’s Climate
    Vencore Weather, 29 August 2016

    Paul Dorian
     
    For the past year, neutron monitors around the Arctic Circle have sensed an increasing intensity of cosmic rays.
     
    This colorized picture of the sun is a mosaic of ultraviolet images from the orbiting TRACE satellite sensitive to light emitted by highly charged iron atoms. Growing in number, the intricate structures visible are the Sun's hot active regions with temperatures over a million degrees Fahrenheit and their associated magnetic loops (courtesy NASA) 
    This colorized picture of the sun is a mosaic of ultraviolet images from the orbiting TRACE satellite sensitive to light emitted by highly charged iron atoms. Growing in number, the intricate structures visible are the Sun’s hot active regions with temperatures over a million degrees Fahrenheit and their associated magnetic loops (courtesy NASA)
     
    Overview
    It has long been widely accepted that the sun is absolutely critical to all weather and climate here on Earth and yet there are still some aspects of this connection that are not too well understood and even controversial.  For example, there has been the belief by many atmospheric scientists that cosmic rays which penetrate the Earth’s atmosphere from outer space can play a significant role in the formation of clouds which, in turn, has a direct impact on climate.  Solar activity has a direct impact on the ability of cosmic rays to actually reach the Earth’s atmosphere.  A just published study has confirmed the notion that cosmic rays can indeed be an important player in Earth’s weather and climate and the role of the sun is critical.

    Cosmic rays and clouds
    Cosmic rays are high-velocity particles of enormous energy that bombard the Earth from outside the solar system. The exact origin of cosmic rays has long been a mystery in the field of astronomy.  Cosmic rays may produce showers of secondary particles that penetrate and impact the Earth’s atmosphere and sometimes even reach the surface. The connection between cosmic rays and clouds has been under investigation in recent years and somewhat controversial.  Some researchers have held the belief that cosmic rays hitting Earth’s atmosphere create aerosols which, in turn, seed clouds and thereby help in the formation of clouds.  This would make cosmic rays an important player in weather and climate.  Other researchers, however, have been dubious.  The skeptics have maintained that although some laboratory experiments have supported the idea that cosmic rays help to seed clouds, the effect is likely too small to substantially affect the cloudiness of our planet and have an important impact on climate.



    Findings from a just published study
    A new study just published in the Aug. 19th issue of Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics comes down in favor of cosmic rays. According to spaceweather.com, a team of scientists from the Technical University of Denmark (DTU) and the Hebrew University of Jerusalem has linked sudden decreases in cosmic rays to changes in Earth’s cloud cover. These rapid decreases in the observed galactic cosmic ray intensity are known as “Forbush Decreases” and tend to take place following coronal mass ejections (CMEs) in periods of high solar activity. When the sun is active (i.e., solar storms, CMEs), the magnetic field of the plasma solar wind sweeps some of the galactic cosmic rays away from Earth.  In periods of low solar activity, more cosmic rays bombard the earth.  The term “Forbush Decrease” was named after the American physicist Scott E. Forbush, who studied cosmic rays in the 1930s and 1940s.

    The research team led by Jacob Svensmark of DTU identified the strongest 26 “Forbush Decreases” between 1987 and 2007, and looked at ground-based and satellite records of cloud cover to see what happened.  In a recent press release, their conclusions were summarized as follows: “[Strong “Forbush Decreases”] cause a reduction in cloud fraction of about 2 percent corresponding to roughly a billion tonnes of liquid water disappearing from the atmosphere.”

    Current cosmic ray activity
    We happen to be in a weak solar cycle (24) which is actually on pace to be the weakest cycle in more than one hundred years. Therefore, it would not be surprising to have relatively high cosmic ray penetration into the Earth’s atmosphere; especially, since we are now heading towards the next solar minimum phase when solar activity is generally even quieter.

    In fact, for the past year, neutron monitors around the Arctic Circle have sensed an increasing intensity of cosmic rays. Polar latitudes are a good place to make such measurements, because Earth’s magnetic field funnels and concentrates cosmic radiation there. As it turns out, Earth’s poles aren’t the only place cosmic rays are intensifying. “Spaceweather.com” has led an effort in the launching of helium balloons to the stratosphere to measure radiation, and they find the same trend increasing intensity of cosmic rays over California [For more on this study click here]:

    Cosmic rays have been steadily increasing in recent months during historically weak solar cycle 24 

    Wednesday, 31 August 2016

    IS THE GREENHOUSE EFFECT REAL OR NOT?

    On some blogs, such as Roy Spencer's there are many in-depth discussions on the validity of the Greenhouse Effect. These often only lead to greater confusion, but here is one discussion that I came across recently that seems very convincing and is put forward in a very simple way without the mathematical formulae which put off many non-scientists.

    Tuesday, 30 August 2016

    EARTH WARMING FOR 200 YEARS SAY EXPERTS

    Here is a piece that refers to a study that concludes that the earth has been warming for around 200 years. In other words since the end of the Little Ice Age - something which most sceptics would agree with.  The problem for the experts is that they have to explain how the warming was caused when CO2 emissions were practically non-existent.

    Monday, 29 August 2016

    SIR ANTONY JAY - BBC NEEDS TO BE CUT BACK

    This piece is by the brilliant writer, Sir Antony Jay, who wrote the "yes Minister" series. Sadly he has recently died, but his wise words about cutting back the BBC still make complete sense. Unfortunately the government did not heed the advice.

    Sunday, 28 August 2016

    SCOTTISH OIL REVENUES COLLAPSE

    This article gives the details. without the oil revenues the Scottish government would have a very weak case for an independent Scotland. The Scottish government are in a bit of a quandary as they are completely sold on the idea of not using fossil fuels, while at the same time they are heavily dependent on revenue from the same fossil fuels. Climate alarmists have such a difficult life.

    Saturday, 27 August 2016

    CLIMATE AFFECTED BY SOLAR ACTIVITY, CLIMATE NOT CONTROLLABLE BY MAN

    This article refers to a scientific study that confirms that cloud cover is affected by solar activity. This in turn means that the climate is affected by something much more powerful and completely outside of human control. This may come as a shock to some, but in simple terms it means the climate is not controllable.

    Friday, 26 August 2016

    SCIENTIST'S OWN GOAL ON ICE FREE ARCTIC ICE PREDICTION

    This piece explains how an alarmist prediction of an imminent ice-free arctic ocean could easily back fire if it doesn't come true. These alarmists are gamblers in order to grab a headline, but in the end they are likely to come unstuck.

    Thursday, 25 August 2016

    GW DAMAGE TO CORAL - IS IT 5% OR 93%?

    This article refers to a new report that completely contradicts an earlier report on the extent of damage to coral reefs caused by global warming. The contrast could not be starker one report says 5% of coral was damaged and the other 93%. Which to believe?

    Wednesday, 24 August 2016

    GREENHOUSE GAS CONTROVERSY, PART 2 OF "EARTH - OUR HABITABLE PLANET"

    Here is the link to part 2 of the series. This part includes the section on Greenhouse Gases which, though much of it is accepted, contains some material that suggests that CO2 plays a more prominent part than it does. For example half way down there is a pie chart showing the amount that the various greenhouse gases contribute to the warming effect. It claims that CO2 contributes 50%, but the table omits water vapour which is by far the most important greenhouse gas and is responsible for at least 70% (and up to 90% at times). This is a common occurrence in teaching and it seems odd that well qualified lecturers should make such an error. If water vapour had been included then CO2 contribution would go down to around 5-10%.  I can only conclude that these lecturers are complicit in enhancing the part played by CO2, though why I am not sure.  Maybe it's just for a quiet life!

    For Part 1 of the notes here is the link.

    Tuesday, 23 August 2016

    EXAGGERATED CLAIMS ABOUT CORAL SENSITIVITY FOUND TO BE WRONG


    Giant Coral Reef That ‘Died’ In 2003 Teeming With Life AgainThe New York Times, 15 August 2016

    Karen Weintraub

    In 2003, researchers declared Coral Castles dead. Then in 2015, a team of marine biologists was stunned and overjoyed to find the giant coral reef once again teeming with life.
     

    A giant clam in the Phoenix Islands Protected Area. Credit Craig Cook/Undersea Medical   
     
     
    On the floor of a remote island lagoon halfway between Hawaii and Fiji, the giant reef site had been devastated by unusually warm water. Its remains looked like a pile of drab dinner plates tossed into the sea. Research dives in 2009 and 2012 had shown little improvement in the coral colonies.

    Then in 2015, a team of marine biologists was stunned and overjoyed to find Coral Castles, genus Acropora, once again teeming with life. But the rebound came with a big question: Could the enormous and presumably still fragile coral survive what would be the hottest year on record?

    This month, the Massachusetts-based research team finished a new exploration of the reefs in the secluded Phoenix Islands, a tiny Pacific archipelago, and were thrilled by what they saw. When they splashed out of an inflatable dinghy to examine Coral Castles closely, they were greeted with a vista of bright greens and purples — unmistakable signs of life.

    “Everything looked just magnificent,” said Jan Witting, the expedition’s chief scientist and a researcher at Sea Education Association, based in Woods Hole, Mass.

     

    Divers from the New England Aquarium surveying reefs in the Phoenix Islands Protected Area last September. Credit Craig Cook/Undersea Medical   

    Global climate change is wreaking havoc on corals worldwide. Coral bleaching has caused extensive damage to regions extending from the Great Barrier Reef to the Caribbean and nearly everywhere in between.

    “Threats to tropical coral reefs worldwide have escalated to a level that imperils the survival of these complex, diverse and beautiful ecosystems,” Janice M. Lough, an Australian researcher, wrote in a February opinion piece in Nature.

    Coral can be severely damaged by rising water temperatures, which cause acidification, as well as by pollution and human activity like tourism, fishing and shipping – prompting some governments to restrict such activities.

    If Coral Castles can continue to revive after years of apparent lifelessness, even as water temperatures rise, there might be hope for other reefs with similar damage, said another team member, Randi Rotjan, a research scientist who led and tracked the Phoenix Islands expedition from her base at the New England Aquarium in Boston.

    No one actually knows what drives reef resilience or even what a coral reef looks like as it is rebounding. In remote, hard-to-get-to places, our understanding of coral is roughly akin to a doctor’s knowing only what a patient looks like in perfect health and after death, Dr. Rotjan said.

    Coral Castles’s revival might be an isolated situation, a fluke in a faraway place. But Dr. Rotjan and her team are on a quest to find out why this coral and other reefs nearby came back to life.

    Monday, 22 August 2016

    AUSSIE TV SHOW WHERE SCIENTIST, BRIAN COX PUTS IMAGE OVER SUBSTANCE

    This piece looks at a discussion programme on Australian TV where a panel of 'expert's give their answers to questions from the audience. TV scientist, Brian Cox seems unable to give a convincing answer as to the reality of global warming as he blusters with arguments from authority and dodgy graphs. See the clip for yourself at the link above 

    Sunday, 21 August 2016

    DECLINING TRUST IN SCIENCE

    This article gives the details of why scientists are trusted less, and a lot of it is to do with them straying into the area of politics, in particular the issue of so-called climate change, or global warming.

    Saturday, 20 August 2016

    UK's CLIMATE CHANGE POLICY CAUSES TOXIC BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT

    This report gives the details of the hidden dangers of the UK's climate change policy on business, at a time when we need to give business a boost to ensure our success, post leaving the EU.

    Friday, 19 August 2016

    UK GOVERNMENT GROSSLY UNDERESTIMATES THE COST OF THE CLIMATE CHANGE ACT

    This article lays bare the deceit perpetrated on the British people. By artificially inflating the wholesale price of electricity the cost of subsidising renewables in years to come is grossly understated.  By 2030, the annual cost will be £15.6 billion, instead of the £8.0 billion claimed. Over the next fifteen years, the total cost will be £157 billion. Again, remember that this does not include the cost of providing standby capacity.

    Thursday, 18 August 2016

    SUPERB SET OF LECTURE NOTES

    This blog has been going since 2007 and I have built up a long list of links on the right hand side which are very informative and I wonder how many readers use them? I have noticed a big increase in the number of readers in recent weeks from all over the world, including Russia and Eastern Europe as well as Asia. Welcome to everyone.

    I thought it might be useful to highlight some of these links to you, so I will start with a superb set of lecture notes from the University of Indiana, Bloomington by Professor Schieber, on the topic "Earth - Our Habitable Planet". Here is a link to the first part of the series. One of the chapters has been on the links list for some years, but in such a long list it could easily get over-looked. I have re-titled it to give it a more relevant title. There is a lot of material there. It is more like a textbook and should be read in short chunks, but it is mainly easy to read, though some scientific knowledge is useful for a complete understanding.

    The next set of lectures cannot be obtained from the link on the website, but I have a link from Professor Schieber and I will be looking at these in a later post, including his notes on the Greenhouse Gases, in which I fear he seems to take the alarmist line. But despite this one disappointment I still believe these are a good set of lecture notes.  

    Wednesday, 17 August 2016

    BIG CHILL: 'SUBSTANTIAL COOLING' PREDICTED WITHIN THE NEXT FEW YEARS

    Here's a cheery thought for all UK readers:

    Daily Star, 14 August 2016

    Joshua Nevett
     
    Climate boffins believe the UK’s topsy-turvy climate is in for a chilly twist within the next few years as three major forms of climate change trigger “substantial cooling”.
     

    Drastic changes in ocean conditions, greenhouse gases and a weakening of the sun threaten increasingly worsening winters of blistering blizzards and severe snowstorms for years to come.

    This cocktail of climate threats, paired with “hasty climate policies”, could mean “rolling blackouts” in the UK over the next few years, plunging the country into long period of darkness.

    These “worse case scenario” climate threats will hit the elderly hardest, leaving “some pensioners alone in the dark” on a freezing nights resigned to a “lonely death”.
     


    An intense La Nina weather front could wreak havoc on the UK’s climate, photo Getty

    It is thought these will be brought about for the most part by a massive decrease in solar activity, meaning fewer “sunspots” and solar flares to warm up earth.

    Scientists recently warned the sun’s activity is at its lowest for 100 years, meaning earth is experiencing eerily similar conditions to the period when the last mini ice age hit.

    This drop in sunspot activity leads to a so-called Maunder Minimum, which is believed to be responsible for the cripplingly cold winters Europe experienced three centuries ago.

    The last time Britain entered a Maunder minimum period was in the 1600s, when temperatures sunk so low, London’s river Thames froze over.

    Drawing on 400 years of sunspot observations, experts believe we are heading for a similar temperature “minimum”.

    However, Grahame Madge, meteorologist for the Met Office, told Daily Star Online although a “grand solar minimum” is expected, it will do little to counteract global warming caused by man-made change.

    Another major factor in the predicted cool down could be the switch from an usually strong El Nino to a La Nina weather front in the pacific ocean.

    Meteorologist for AccuWeather Tyler Roys told Daily Star Online La Nina could contribute to the chilly mix.

    He said that the onset of La Nina – which is associated with cooler temperatures – has a much more drastic effect on weather in the British Isles and could spell a climate cool down.

    He said: “Looking at the similarities of 1998 to last years El Nino event, one can assume there could be such a drop off.”

    La Nina has more of an effect on the weather for the British Isles than El Nino does.

    “A La Nina that is based over the eastern Pacific Ocean tends for favour a cooler and drier then normal weather pattern for much of western Europe.”

    The Met Office said the onset of La Nina from 2017 is likely to “buck the trend” in terms of record breaking global temperature averages, predicting a cool down across the globe.

    Tuesday, 16 August 2016

    SUN AND OCEAN CYCLES ARE MAIN CLIMATE DRIVERS SAY 35 NEW PAPERS

    Here is the article from the excellent No Tricks Zone which highlights all 35 papers. Even if you don't read all 35, you must agree that it represents a considerable body of evidence. So when those alarmists ask for "proof" that the science is not settled in favour of CO2 controlling our climate, this is some of that proof.

    Monday, 15 August 2016

    GERMANY HAS FROST IN AUGUST ICY BLAST

    This piece explains how the Germans are faring. However I must balance this by saying that here in the UK we are being forecast to have very warm weather next Tuesday of around 30 degrees Celsius according to this forecast, though it is not expected to last. Overall we have had a mixed summer with very little hot weather so far. 

    Sunday, 14 August 2016

    HINKLEY NUCLEAR POWER CONTRACT - THE FIRST BIG TEST FOR NEW PM

    This piece gives the scene. The new Prime Minister, Theresa May, cannot afford to look weak in her first big test. The more pressure she is put under the more difficult it will be for her to let this deal go through after she has called it in. Of course the £2.5 Billion already spent will be money down the drain if the project is cancelled, but this is still better than signing up to a bad deal costing £30 billion to the customers in excess electricity charges.   

    Saturday, 13 August 2016

    US SHALE GAS TO ARRIVE IN SCOTLAND FOR PROCESSING - EXPECT PROTESTS FROM GREENS

    Here is the source of this story. Clearly these protestors, if they turn up, must be against Scottish jobs and industry in general. If the Scottish National Party give ground to these modern luddites then they are signalling that Scotland is not open for business.

    Friday, 12 August 2016

    MURRY SALBY LECTURE SUMMARY

    This article summarises a lecture by physicist Murry Salby in which he gives a tour de force on why CO2 is not a problem. The whole lecture is available at the link. 

    Thursday, 11 August 2016

    A MILLION JOBS AND THE CHEAPEST ENERGY IN THE DEVELOPED WORLD

    This article in the Mail highlights the success of fracking in the USA. We could enjoy a similar success here in the UK if only we could get on and start drilling. Perhaps we will do if this idea of giving people living near new fracking developments a reward is carried out.

    Wednesday, 10 August 2016

    IF CALIFORNIANS REPLACE THEIR LAWN WITH STONES AND CACTII CLIMATE MODEL GIVES SURPRISING RESULTS

    This piece gives the details. I am not surprised that the model predicts that it may increase day-time temperatures due to less evaporation, but what did surprise me was that it predicted lower night temperatures. The explanation being that "reducing soil moisture decreases upward heat fluxes from the sub-surface to the surface at night". Are they suggesting that the heat is retained in the soil? In which case the soil will get hotter and hotter! Of course it doesn't have to be correct as it is only a model. 

    Tuesday, 9 August 2016

    WEST ANTARCTIC ICE STEADILY MELTING FOR THE LAST 7,500 YEARS, SAYS NEW STUDY

    This article explains how this new in-depth scientific study has shown that the melting of the West Antarctic ice sheet, which has been put forward by alarmists as a prominent example of the effect of man on the climate, is in fact a natural occurrence. We must remember that the rest of the Antarctic is cooling which is undisputed. 

    Monday, 8 August 2016

    IRISH PUBLIC STUNG BY INCREASED SUPPORT FOR RENEWABLE ELECTRICITY

    This article looks at the increased cost of support to renewable electricity in the Irish Republic. No doubt similar burdens are being put on to electricity bills in many other Western nations. It is of little satisfaction to learn that outside the UK there is similar cost increases to those imposed here.

    Sunday, 7 August 2016

    WHY IS THE ENTIRE ATLANTIC OCEAN COOLING?

    This article tries to explain what is going on. Many noted and well-intentioned climate scientists and universities are now starting to publicly admit that overwhelming amounts of new research indicates that the theory of man-made global warming does not properly explain many observed climate trends. It certainly does not explain why the temperatures of Earth’s three most dominant fluid systems—the Pacific Ocean, the Atlantic Ocean and the atmosphere—are trending in different directions.

    Saturday, 6 August 2016

    GAZPROM BOWS TO GREEN PRESSURE TO CLAIM UK GOVERNMENT HANDOUTS

    This piece gives the details. When subsidies are on offer, it's a no-brainer to do what is necessary to claim them. That is the law of business - follow the money (or subsidy).

    Friday, 5 August 2016

    CLEXIT, THE LATEST WAY TO UPSET THE CLIMATE CHANGE ESTABLISHMENT

    Here are the details of the new movement set up to campaign for exiting the climate change alarmist boondoggle. I am not sure how they are planning to do it, but they deserve our full support. My personal view is that the climate change bandwagon can only be halted by the climate itself not only not warming but actually cooling for several years, thus putting to rest the idea that CO2 is controlling it.

    Thursday, 4 August 2016

    UK GOVERNMENT'S HOPELESS FORECAST (GUESS) AT THE FUTURE COST OF FOSSIL FUELS AND WHY HINKLEY NUCLEAR IS FAR TOO EXPENSIVE

    This article by Matt Ridley contains so many important statistics that it is a must for anyone interested in the subject of renewable energy and the so-called 'cost' of carbon. For example  "In 2012 DECC forecast three scenarios for fossil fuel prices. In the “high” scenario, the oil price, per barrel, in 2016 was expected to be $137.2; in the medium scenario, $119.2 and in the “low” scenario, $98.8. The price today is $43". 

    Our new PM, Theresa May is quite right to take a second look at the figures for the proposed new nuclear power plant at Hinkley. The article clearly shows that it is too expensive and the electricity it would produce would cost too much. Our government's obsession with reducing CO2 emissions is the root cause of the massive cost we are all having to bear.

    Wednesday, 3 August 2016

    VOLCANIC CO2 EMISSIONS COULD BE MUCH LARGER THAN THOSE OF MAN

    The global warming alarmists readily dismiss any suggestion that CO2 emissions from volcanic activity could provide an amount anywhere near that of mankind. Here is a very detailed paper which argues the case that these alarmists may be completely wrong and that the contribution of CO2 from volcanism may actually be much higher than previous (very sketchy) estimates.

    Tuesday, 2 August 2016

    WHAT IS THE TRUE HISTORIC RECORD OF CO2 LEVELS IN OUR ATMOSPHERE?

    There are many weak links in the chain that supports the catastrophic man made global warming hypothesis. One is that CO2 is now at record high levels in the atmosphere when compared with a very long period of tens of thousands of years. Here is an interesting article on Watts Up With That which looks at the evidence to support this idea. I recommend reading the comments as some of them seem to be well informed and add extra information to the subject. When you look at the evidence, one thing that jumps out is that it is certainly not strong, which is what is expected when trying to reconstruct the composition of our atmosphere such a long way back.

    Monday, 1 August 2016

    REPLACE FREE ENTERPRISE CAPITALISM AND REDISTRIBUTE THE WORLD'S WEALTH

    That is the true purpose of the climate change bandwagon, according to this article. The question is, why would Western governments deliberately  try and wreck their economies to go along with such a scheme?

    Sunday, 31 July 2016

    NEW PAPER SHOWS ANTARCTIC PENINSULA HAS BEEN COOLING, NOT WARMING

    This article refers to a new scientific paper which concludes that the Antarctic Peninsula has been cooling for the last 20 years - the opposite of what we were all told was happening. But did you hear this on the main TV news? Or was it headlines in the main national papers? No, it has hardly been mentioned and yet it is a truly extraordinary finding which contradicts the very foundations of the so-called 'evidence' of dangerous warming. How long will it be before someone puts a documentary on mainstream TV to point out all the contradictions that have emerged over the past decade that pour cold water on the hypothesis of catastrophic anthropogenic global warming (CAGW)?  

    Saturday, 30 July 2016

    TRUMP TALKS COMMON SENSE ON GLOBAL WARMING

    This article explains why belief in global warming and policies to tackle greenhouse gas emissions are becoming a key dividing line ahead of the 2016 election. My fear is that Donald Trump does not win the presidency due to his stance on other issues, and that Hillary Clinton entrenches the climate change mantra into the USA government. That would spell disaster for the West. On the other hand if Trump were to win we might get a lot more common sense on this important issue.

    Friday, 29 July 2016

    HERE'S ONE THING THAT REALLY IS IMPORTANT TO SAVE LIVES

    And it's nothing to do with reducing CO2 emissions. Matt Ridley has a lot of very sound opinions and so he is always worth reading. In this linked article he is explaining how a genetically modified mosquito could be the way to eradicate the spread of several very nasty viruses, including the zika virus. This work is of much greater importance than the pointless attempts to control the climate.

    Thursday, 28 July 2016

    UK's 5th CARBON BUDGET APPROVED, DESPITE GREAT SPEECHES FROM LORDS LAWSON AND RIDLEY

    Here is the text of the two speeches, with a link to the whole debate for those with the time and interest. As I read the debate I could not help wondering how the government minister and her supporters could be so naïve as to believe that reducing our CO2 emissions so drastically could actually be without cost. The details of the actual policies that will lead to the latest reductions are to be announced later. I can't wait!

    Wednesday, 27 July 2016

    LOOKING AT THE ERRORS IN MEASURING GLOBAL TEMPERATURE

    This paper by Dr Roy Spencer is well worth reading as it puts into perspective the various factors that lead to errors in measuring temperatures and the value of those errors compared to the warming that has been measured. Most people simply read the headlines in the papers about "the warmest ever" temperatures, without understanding the errors associated with those measurements. 

    Tuesday, 26 July 2016

    THE CLIMATE CHANGE FEAR MONGERING AGENDA IN OUR SCHOOLS AND UNIVERSITIES

    This article explains the issue very well. It is now propaganda that is being fed to our young people and not the true scientific method. The problem for alarmists is that the brightest young people can see this for what it is and so they will then arrive in the sceptic camp.

    Monday, 25 July 2016

    UK ENERGY POLICY - ON COURSE FOR DISASTER

    Christopher Booker is stating the truth when he forecasts trouble ahead for the UK energy sector. Here is the latest newsletter from the excellent Scientific Alliance which confirms that Booker is right.

    A GREEN ELECTRIC FUTURE
    A reliable energy supply has always been a prerequisite for a modern industrial society. Lenin – certainly interested in power in all its forms – once said “Communism is Soviet power plus electrification of the whole country”. In today’s world, there seems to be a move towards the second aim, although hopefully not the first.

    Electrification is a large part of the proposed plan to reduce carbon dioxide emissions and mitigate future climate changes in many countries. Enthusiasts see a future where cars are battery powered and domestic gas heating systems have been replaced by electric radiators of some description, or heat pumps. As a possible route to radical decarbonisation, it has some conceptual attractions, but there are some pretty big obstacles to overcome if this vision is ever to become a reality.

    Leaving aside for now the thorny issue of cost – both to the consumer and the public purse – the two major points that have to be addressed are the extra generating capacity that has to be added to the system, and the primary fuel used in the new power stations. Since the aim of the whole exercise would be to reduce carbon emissions, this point about the fuel is critical, so more about this later.

    But first, how much generating capacity would be needed? The 2015 edition of the official Digest of UK Energy Statistics (DUKES) reports a total generating capacity of 85 GW in 2014, and it is this figure that is the key one in terms of meeting peak demand. Not all of this capacity is necessarily available at any one time and, in particular, the output of the increasing amount of wind and solar capacity may be out of phase with actual demand. This is one reason why the country is a net importer of electricity via its system of interconnectors to the near continent.

    The same source reports a total amount of 339 TWh of electricity generated, supplemented by imports. To illustrate the difficulty of matching supply and demand, the total consumption was just 303 TWh, meaning that at least 36 TWh of electricity was either generated when it was not needed or lost in the system. To put these figures into context, the theoretical output from 85 GW of capacity running flat out every hour of the year is 744 TWh, so the overall capacity factor of the UK system in 2014 was just 45.6%.

    That is what we have to supply current demand. Now let’s look at the energy used for transport and heating. Looking only at road transport (rail is a minor sector and aircraft are unlikely to go electric any time soon), energy consumption in 2014 was 40 Mtoe (million tonnes of oil equivalent), 63% used for passenger transport and 37% for freight (DECC: Energy consumption in the UK chapter 2).

    On the domestic front, total consumption of fossil fuels (primarily gas) was 27 Mtoe (Energy consumption in the UK chapter 3). Interestingly, despite the historically poor standard of house insulation, total energy consumption per household has fallen significantly in recent decades, due to a combination of increased insulation and more efficient boilers and other appliances. Despite some bad publicity, energy efficiency measures seem to be at least partially successful.

    What would be the impact of conversion of the transport and domestic sectors to electricity? One million tonne of oil equivalent represents 11.6 TWh of electricity. So, if we assume that overall energy consumption by all sectors remains the same, converting road transport to electricity would consume a further 464 TWh, while domestic consumption would rise by 313 TWh. Total electricity demand would be 1080 TWh, three and a half times the current total.

    Actually, demand would be even higher, as a terawatt hour generated does not all reach the consumer. The DUKES 2015 report gives a figure of 27.5 TWh lost in the previous year in the high-voltage transmission system and the final distribution network; that’s about 9% of electricity generated. That would increase total demand on the generating system by a about another 70 TWh.

    The energy needing to be generated for transport would also be significantly higher than the bald figures suggest. In simple terms, using a tonne of oil to power a car directly is more efficient than using it to generate electricity, distributing that to car batteries and drawing on those batteries to drive the car. Each stage of this chain incurs losses. A diesel engine can be 45% efficient. Electric motors can be much more efficient, but generating, transmission, distribution and storage losses more than offset this.

    Overall, we can expect that electrification of homes and road transport would require at least four to five times the current generating capacity. However, some would argue that much of the transport load could be supplied by overnight charging. If we assume that this does in fact take care of a significant proportion of demand, then let’s be optimistic and say that UK generating capacity has to be just tripled.

    Even if there were to be a crash programme to build dozens of new gas-powered stations, this would be difficult to do in a reasonable timescale and, more importantly in the context of the raison d’être of the whole project, would not decarbonise the system. There are those who say that this can be done by a massive expansion of renewable energy, but this seems barely credible. Even if sufficient sites could be found for wind farms (we have to accept that solar can only make a very modest contribution at northern European latitudes) enormous amounts of conventional backup capacity would be needed to guarantee security of supply.

    The only viable alternative would be a vast expansion of nuclear capacity, which seems unlikely to happen in the near future, given the Hinkley Point C debacle. There are alternatives to the Areva design, and Small Modular Reactors could have a bright future, but we are unlikely to see any new nuclear on stream in this country before the late 2020s.

    This rough analysis strongly suggests that ambitious national emissions reduction targets are going to be increasingly difficult to meet and that essentially complete decarbonisation of the economy by 2050 is currently an unrealisable vision. However, the political earthquake the UK has experienced over the last four weeks (yes, just four weeks since the referendum!) gives a golden opportunity to revisit existing policy and turn it into something realistic, achievable and worthwhile.

    Sunday, 24 July 2016

    UK ULTILITY COMPANY LOOKING AT HYDROGEN AS A REPLACEMENT FOR METHANE TO HEAT HOMES

    Yes it's true, they are looking at hydrogen to replace the natural gas in order to lower our CO2 emissions. Here is the article that explains the idea. Clearly this is going to be an expensive option, as they intend to convert the methane into hydrogen via a chemical reaction. It is typical of the kind of mad thinking required if we believe that saving a tiny amount of CO2 emissions is going to improve the climate. Unfortunately the government does seem to believe this. Oh dear!

    Saturday, 23 July 2016

    GLOBAL WARMING ETC. GETS 'SLIPPED INTO' TRADE AGREEMENTS

    If you think that you live in an independent state (provided you are not a member of the EU) then you may have to think again when you have read this article. If you have the time I also recommend that you read the comments underneath as some of them are very enlightening. One thing before you start - the article contains a number of acronyms which you may or may not be familiar with. Here are some explanations:
    TPTB - the powers that be
    TPP - Trans Pacific Partnership (an FTA)
    TTIP - Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (another FTA between USA and EU)
    FTA - Free Trade Agreement
    It is quite a long post, but it demonstrates just how much other stuff, including a raft of environmental regulation, gets put into something that most 'laymen' would expect to focus simply on trade.

    While no doubt the EU is an extreme example of a trans-national organisation which aims to exercise a lot of control over its member states, these so-called free trade agreements, drawn up by international lawyers immersed in all aspects of these kind of things, also purport to cover as many areas as they can fit in.

    Of course we all know that some (many) nations will minimise and even ignore many of the aspects of these agreements, and get away with it, but others, including, unfortunately, the UK, seem to observe every bit, even embellishing some aspects for good measure, ably assisted by an over zealous judiciary. Who needs enemies when our government signs us up to these kind of agreements?

    Friday, 22 July 2016

    "NO CEO COULD SURVIVE IF THEY TRIED TO SAY CLIMATE CHANGE ISN'T REAL,” SAID BLOOMBERG

    This article looks at the pressure being put on to business leaders not to challenge the climate change hypothesis. And it works, as hardly any business leaders will speak out for fear of either losing business or losing their job. 

    Thursday, 21 July 2016

    SATELLITE TEMPERATURE RECORDS BETRAY THE DOCTORED LAND-BASED MEASUREMENTS

    This article refers to a report on the BBC which claimed that June 2016 was the hottest ever June. The article demonstrates that this claim is not backed by the evidence of the satellite temperature record. How those trying to perpetrate the global warming fear thesis must rue the fact that these satellite records exist.

    Wednesday, 20 July 2016

    30 FRACKING APPLICATIONS TO BE LODGED BY INEOS IN THE UK

    Peggy Hollinger, Financial Times

        

    Ineos, the $50bn petrochemicals giant controlled by British billionaire Jim Ratcliffe, aims to accelerate shale gas development in the UK by lodging as many as 30 planning applications to drill test wells in the next six months.

    Tom Crotty, a director at Ineos, said the company hoped to start drilling in the north of England early next year and could begin extracting gas in about 18 months through the controversial technique known as fracking.
    The move comes as the group this year ends a six-year tax exile with the opening of a new headquarters in London for its mainly UK-based upstream oil and gas businesses. [...]
    The group, which owns the Grangemouth refinery in Scotland, has ambitions to become a substantial oil and gas producer, particularly in shale gas. Ineos has backed a highly public campaign to convince the Scottish government to lift its moratorium on fracking over the past year.
    Full story (subscription required)

    Tuesday, 19 July 2016

    EVALUATING THE INTEGRITY OF OFFICIAL CLIMATE RECORDS

    This report by Tony Heller looks at a whole range of data and compares the latest data with earlier versions.  The conclusion is that there has been significant tampering to produce warming where none existed before. It is time that the scientists responsible for this were forced to account for what they have done. 

    Monday, 18 July 2016

    CONFIDENT PREDICTION OF A NEW MINI ICE AGE

    Starting now, but becoming increasingly noticeable by 2020, a new mini ice age, similar to the one between 1645 and 1715 when the Thames regularly froze, is confidently predicted. The details are to be found in this article. If true it raises a number of questions including - what will governments do to keep people warm by providing cheap forms of heating? Having abandoned fossil fuels (at least partially) will we see a U-turn in policy? It looks like we have interesting times ahead.

    Sunday, 17 July 2016

    GERMAN POWER COMPANIES ARE IN FINANCIAL DIFFICULTY

    This article gives the details of the difficulties they face as the German government attempts to reduce its level of CO2 emissions as well as phasing out nuclear power. If they persist they may well cause the collapse of the once mighty German economy. The danger for the German people is that once they have gone so far down the road it is very difficult to go back, without incurring even more costs to get back to where they were. It is rather like walking into boggy ground - once you have taken the decision to keep going you are bound to get stuck! 

    Saturday, 16 July 2016

    SEA LEVEL RISE - NEW ESTIMATE GIVES ONLY 6 INCHES PER CENTURY

    What fantastic news, so we can now relax and not worry about any cities going beneath the waves. Low lying atolls will be safe for the future. Here is the report. 

    Friday, 15 July 2016

    THE RISE OF THE SCEPTICS IN THE UK?

    This piece from Jo Nova looks at the views of the newly appointed UK government on climate alarmism, and concludes that there might be some hope of optimism. I suspect it is nothing more than hope, as politicians have a habit of conforming to convention once they are given power. However this piece suggests that our new Prime Minister may be getting some sensible advice, but will she take it?

    Thursday, 14 July 2016

    MORE CLIMATE SCARE STORIES ON THE NEWS

    This piece gives the details of a new 'scary' report on what to expect in the next few decades from climate change. However our good friend Paul Homewood soon debunks it all using the climate data already available which shows that up to now there has been no weather changes that have not happened in the past. It is simply all hype using cherry-picked data.